The hydrocarbon exploration and production activities at Cyprus EEZ are required to comply with the National, European and International Legislation regarding the environmental impacts and mitigation measures, on the marine and terrestrial environment.

An Environmental Legislative, Permits and Consent Plan has been prepared by AEOLIKI Ltd. aiming to provide a detailed description of the national, legal and administrative framework relevant to oil and gas operators in onshore and offshore activities as well as inform any interested party of the relevant environmental permits required for oil and gas developments in offshore Cyprus.

The Environmental Legislative, Permits and Consent Plan can serve as guidance during the planning, construction, commissioning, operational and decommissioning phases of the projects development to ensure that any involved party will obtain all the necessary permits and be aware of all applicable legislation.


The Environmental and Health and Safety Registrer provides a detailed overview of all relevant Cypriot and European Union Environmental legislative and regulatory requirements (including any standards, directives, conventions, protocols, rules, ordinances, orders, policies, certificates, instructions or agreements – collectively referred to as ‘requirements’) with which an international oil and gas company operating onshore and offshore could reasonably be expected to comply.

Additionally, a comprehensive list of the necessary permits is provided, indicating all the requirements to make a successful application. A clear description of the permit, a list of the design data to complete the application, the project phase in which the permit shall be submitted, the statutory review period and approval durations (by authorities) is also detailed.

The “Environmental and Health and Safety Legislative Register”, includes:

  • a short description of the Cyprus Government Oversight of Environmental Health and Safety Regulations;
  • the Cyprus Institutional Framework for Environmental Health and Safety Regulations requirements, presenting the government entities pertaining to Environmental Health and Safety regulation of offshore and gas activities;
  • an overview of legislative and regulatory framework for Environmental Health and Safety Regulations requirements, providing a general overview of the Statutory Environmental Regime requirements that apply to offshore exploration activities in Cyprus. Indicative environmental aspects that are analyzed and presented include:
    • Environmental Health Safety Planning and Impact Assessment;
    • Wastewater Quality;
    • Muds and drilling cuttings;
    • Seawater  Quality;
    • Water pollution;
    • Sediments  Quality; 
    • Benthic Community;
    • Air Quality;
    • Noise;
    • Waste;
      • Liquid waste;
      • Solid waste;
      • Hazardous waste including radioactive substances;
    • Archaeology;
    • Transportation;
    • Emergency Plans
    • Oil and Chemicals Spill contigency plan;
    • Occupational Health and Safety;
    • Marine and coastal environment;
    • Geological and Seismic Surveys

The Register Data Base contains more than 60 pieces of legislation, regulations, European Union Directives, requirements, International Conventions, International Protocols and Agreements, and Agreements and Commitments for offshore activities. The summaries l include any relevant information on enforcement that that is important to be aware of. For example, if a federal authority is responsible for enforcing EHS regulations in part of the EEZ and the European Union is responsible for enforcing another area of the EEZ, these divisions of responsibility for enforcement should be noted.

The ‘Environmental Legislative, Register’ contains the applied national limits for the following:

  • National atmospheric emission limits (stack limits and ambient air quality),
  • National aqueous discharge limits (to sea, near shore and offshore) including:
    • Produced water;
    • Process discharge (overboard);
    • Sewage

In lieu of any national limits for the above, an alternative set of limits is also recommended as best practice, for example European Union/ International Finance Corporation/ World Bank limits.

Limits are described for oil contaminated waste (i.e. cuttings) and the disposal options for such waste products as considered best practice in Cyprus.

The waste management process is clearly outlined, including a description of the waste management practices applied in Cyprus and a description of the waste disposal routes and handling capabilities in Cyprus. It is also identified as to whether there are onshore disposal sites capable and licensed to handle solid waste and hazardous waste. A list of waste contractors available specific to the oil and gas industry in Cyprus and into the services they offer is also included.